Forbidden Archeology ************** News FLASH
September 28, 2000
Issue No. 3

“You have brains in your head
You have feet in your shoes
You can steer yourself any direction you choose”
-Dr. Seuss
Hello! How is everyone doing out there in cyberspace? Along with updates on Michael Cremo's Forbidden Archeology research, media outreach, and feedback, we welcome your contributions to facilitate critical thinking and networking amidst our diverse community of Forbidden Archeology compatriots.
–Lori Erbs, Newsflash Editor.


Michael Cremo presents paper at European Association of Archeologists
Michael Cremo presented a paper entitled “The Discoveries of Carlos Ribeiro: A Controversial Episode in Nineteenth -Century European Archeology” to the History of Archeology Section of the European Association of Archeologists Conference held in Lisbon, Portugal September 12-16.
Go to to read the abstract and to order a copy.

Michael Cremo visits Fatima shrine
During his recent journey to Portugal for the EAA conference, Michael Cremo visited Fatima as part of his ongoing research on paranormal events for Human Devolution, the sequel to Forbidden Archeology.
Go to: to read a report of the Portugal trip.


Anthropologists pursue lawsuit for Kennewick Man study
AP – After four years of dispute, the U.S. Interior Department has decided that Kennewick Man,
one of the oldest skeletons found in North America, should be given to five American Indian
tribes who have claimed him as an ancestor. However, prominent anthropologists are in the
process of reopening a federal lawsuit challenging this ruling. For more details go to:

Anomalous boulder in West Virginia? Check it out at:

New ‘Zine!
The Kingdom Underground: A Newspaper of the Paranormal is published by the Seattle Art Bell Chat Club and Seattle Metaphysical Library Contact Phil Lipson at to subscribe.

Glowing Rabbits Do the Hop
“Glowing Controversy: Mutant Rabbit Raises Controversy over Genetic Manipulation”
For complete story, go to:

Oldest Fungus Found
An ancient fossilized fungus dating from 460 to 455 million years old was discovered along a roadcut near Madison, Wisconsin.
Go to: and search the Science News

Replicating Robots
Brandeis University – Waltham, Mass.
Jordon Pollock, director of the Dynamical and Evolutionary Machine Organization Laboratory,
will publish a study in Nature describing a new development project for robots that design and
construct other robots without human help. See: and search the Science News.


Michael Cremo at Questings Conference October 12-14, London, UK. For more info go to:

Reflections of a Forbidden Archeologist

Years ago, I wrote about the discoveries of Carlos Ribeiro in Forbidden Archeology. At that time, I only had access to published materials. Even those were quite intriguing, showing the influence of theories of human origins on the treatment of archeological evidence. When Ribeiro began collecting stone tools in Portugal in the mid 19th century, it was dogma that a human presence went back no further than the Pleistocene (Quaternary). Therefore, when Ribeiro found stone tools in formations that were considered pre-Pleistocene (Tertiary), he was astonished. After careful consideration, he decided to reclassify the formations containing the tools as Quaternary. When his publications and maps showing this change reached foreign geologists they were puzzled. But Ribeiro persisted in his opinion. Only when the French researcher L. Bourgeois reported stone tools from a Tertiary formation in France, in 1867, did he decide to change his mind. The Portuguese formations were indeed Tertiary. Thus the stone tools he found in them were evidence for a human presence in the Tertiary of Portugal. Most of his discoveries occurred in formations of lower Miocene age, which would make them about 20 million years old. For decades, his discoveries attracted considerable and often favorable attention in scientific circles. But the announcement of the discovery of Java man in the 1890s changed things. Java man was from the earliest Quaternary, and was accompanied by no stone tools. From that point on, most scientists thought it impossible that makers of stone tools existed in the Tertiary, and Ribeiro's discoveries slid into oblivion. Having only read about them in his reports, it was quite an experience, this July, to go into the old Museum of Geology in Lisbon, and handle the actual artifacts. They were hidden away in the storage cabinets, no longer displayed to the public.
When I looked at the collections, I saw that some of them had some interesting labels. Originally classified by Ribeiro as Miocene or Pliocene, the new labels, written in the early 20th century, assigned the objects to accepted stone tool industries of the middle and late Pleistocene. At that time, the objects were apparently still on display. But some time after that they were removed from display. When I was at the museum, the director said he would like to put the objects on display once more. I take that as a sign of progress. It was also interesting to touch and read Ribeiro's original field notes and maps. And finally, it was interesting to retrace his steps to some of the sites where he found his Miocene artifacts. The paper I gave on Ribeiro's discoveries was well received at the European Association of Archeologists annual meeting in Lisbon this September. Ribeiro must have felt something special when he took the artifacts out of the ground, where they had lain buried for millions of years. And I felt something special as I took them out of the scientific oblivion, in which they had lain for many decades.

Michael A. Cremo

FORUM: Comrades in the Evolution Revolution

This issue’s letters are reprinted from’s Dawn of Man Forum, which featured Michael Cremo’s answers to questions about The Learning Channel’s “Dawn of Man” special. Thanks to for facilitating this exchange! (

Subject: DNA evidence
Topic: Dawn of Man
Question: How has DNA research been used to determine the pathway to modern man? Can they and have they used DNA findings to determine who our ancestors are?

Michael Cremo answers: Sometimes we hear claims that there is conclusive evidence from DNA that humans have evolved from apes. For example, we often hear that human DNA is 97 percent the same as chimpanzee DNA and that this proves we came from the apes. Not really. The results are based on some very crude hybridization techniques. A real demonstration would have to be based on an analysis of the exact genetic structure of humans and chimpanzees. It is only this past year that scientists have claimed to have sequenced human DNA. And this sequencing itself is just the beginning. Sequencing just gives you the sequence of amino acid bases. Finding the actual genes in that sequence is an entirely different matter. Scientists say that determining what genes are represented in the sequence of base pairs could take another century. The DNA sequence of the chimpanzee has not been sequenced and is not likely to be sequenced in the near future. So we really don't know how similar the DNA of humans and chimps really is, on the level of the genes. A difference of 3 percent represents millions of differences in the base pair sequence, and that is not a small thing. Also, we should keep in mind that out of the total sequence of bases in the human DNA sequence, 97 percent is thought to be "junk DNA." Only three percent represents actual genes that determine something of our biological makeup. As I said, figuring out which 3 percent of the human DNA sequence represents actual genes is going to take a long, long time. So any talk of using DNA to figure our who our ancestors are, in any strictly scientific way is quite a ways off. Also, we are not really descended from either the chimpanzee or any other living ape. We are, according to evolutionists, descended from some extinct common ancestor of the modern humans and modern apes that lived millions of years ago. If we are to have any truly convincing genetic evidence of such a chain of evolution, we would have to recover fairly substantial amounts of DNA from those early ancestors and all their descendants. This is nowhere near being done.

Topic: Dawn of Man
Subject: Ancient America
Question: It seems as though science and academia has long overlooked the possibility that ancient archeology can be practiced in the Americas. Anna Roosevelt's finds in the amazon, and in Piaui (cave inhabited 30,000BC) and the recent finds in Chile of a hunter encampment dating over 35,000 years seem to strenghthen the theory that H.S. were here in South America at the time when Java man is credited for discovering fire. It seems, as though archeologists are so entrenched (no pun intended) in what is accepted, that they forget that their primary function is to study the evidence at hand. The Maya, like the Egyptians, trace their lineage back thousands of years before we credit their mere existance. They have dates that go back hundreds of millions of years, on a Tuesday afternoon in March. Last, why do most human civilizations believe that humans were created by gods that came from the heavens. From the Sumerian-Judeo-Christian Nephilim theory (sons of the gods took the daughters of men...) to the Yanomami creation myth that they arrived on earth after travelling the sky on a cosmic boa. Also when we look at Neanderthal, they had larger bodies, larger eyes, larger brains. As per DNA evidence recently found, we supposedly did not evolve from Neanderthal. Recent theories put H.S. alongside Neanderthal. Could Neanderthal have reached or even passed stone age technology? Michael Cremo, what are your thoughts on the 'alien hybrid' theory in respect to man's origin?

Michael Cremo answers: Evidence for a human presence in the Americas goes back much further than 30,000 years. The human artifacts found at Hueyatlaco, Mexico, were dated by geologist Virginia Steen-McIntyre and her colleagues as being over 250,000 years old. The Calico site in Southern California, originally researched by Louis Leakey, has stone artifacts going back over 200,000 years. The California gold mine discoveries from the nineteenth century, which include human skeletons and artifacts, go back as much as 50 million years. Java man, by the way, comes from a stratum about 800,000 years old. The Java man discovery consisted of an apelike skullcap and a humanlike femur (thigh bone) found about 50 feet away in
the same stratum. The discoverer, E. Dubois, put them together and called them Pithecanthropus erectus, now known as Homo erectus. In 1973, two British physical anthropologists (M. Day and T. Molleson) studied the femur and found it was not like any H. erectus femur found afterwards and that it was not at all different from anatomically modern human femurs. I take that as evidence that humans like us were existing 800,000 years ago in Java alongside Homo erectus. The issue of whether or not modern humans evolved from the Neanderthals is a contentious one among modern archeologists. Some say yes, some say no. For me, it is not a real issue, because there is lots of evidence that humans like us existed before the Neanderthals. Indeed, the presence of humans on this planet appears to go back so far in time that it becomes difficult to explain our origins by any earthbound materialistic evolutionary account. So we may indeed have to look off our planet for a complete account of our origins. Before we ask where we came from, we should first ask the question what are we. Most scientists today say we are simply a combination of ordinary matter. But I find very good reasons to think we are a combination of matter, mind, and spirit, and that the cosmos is similarly divided into regions of matter, mind, and spirit. The way I see it, we must trace our ultimate origin back to a spiritual dimension of reality. We are spiritual sparks that have been covered by mind and matter. I call this process of covering devolution. This devolution concept is reflected in the accounts of human origins from various cultural traditions down through history, such as the ones you have mentioned. The devolution process is not confined to this earth. There are humanlike beings living in other parts of the universe, and I do believe there have been contacts among them.

Subject: South African Spheres
Topic: Dawn of Man
Question: What is your currect hypothesis about the origin of the mysterious South African spheres that you described in "Forbidden Archeology"? Who do you think made them?

Michael Cremo answers: The origin of the spheres is, as I said, mysterious. People have proposed all kinds of explanations, ranging from ET's to time travelers. I prefer a simpler explanation, that there were made by some kind of humans like us who were here over 2 billion years ago, which is the age of the mineral deposits in which the spheres are found. They are made of hematite, which is used even today in Africa and elsewhere as a semiprecious stone. Perhaps the objects could be game pieces of some kind.

Dear Sir,

About one year ago I've read your fundamental book "The Hidden History of The Human Race". All my life I was (just like you) convinced our civilization wasn't unique on our planet, but practical aspect of this issue was so far away from me. However, nobody knows what will be...
So, this summer I've had my vacations on an island . Me and my wife were walking to a small cove which is located about 10 km from a town on the west side of island. Suddenly, on the rocky coast, we've found the Absolutely Amazing Object. That was a round black nail, almost untouched by rust. Its head has been embedded in sedimentary rock from the Jura-Trias periods, but a sharp end was visible very good. This nail was sunken into something that looked like a mould after an ancient crustacea well known for geologists as "Echioceras". A couple of a similar moulds (it's clear without nails) have been found by us beside the coast. As far as I know, it is an added proof that my assume (Jura-Trias) could be right. Of course, it must be checked by the best specialists in geology than me.
If you are interested I'm ready to send you all of my photos and give you particulars about location of the spot. I'm convinced, you are one of a few people who can really use this new find.

Send us your stories about those anomalous skeletons discovered in the back yard! We are looking for solid, well-documented evidence, but all accounts are welcome.
Send to:

The information presented here is not necessarily endorsed by Michael Cremo or the Forbidden Archeology Newsflash editor. All material is shared in the spirit of open and free inquiry to our unique cadre of evolution revolutionaries.

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